No matter the season, your home's HVAC system works to make the interior of your home comfortable to live in. However, for a variety of reasons, both your heating and cooling systems can suffer from uneven distribution. Not only can this leaving you shivering in the winter and sweating in the summer, but it can also increase your energy bills as your central heating and cooling units work harder and more often to maintain a constant temperature. Thankfully, there are a few things that you can do to eliminate uneven heating and cooling in your home.

Clean the Vents and Ducts

The easiest thing that you can do to improve air flow for both your furnace and air conditioner is to clean out the vents around your home. This means making sure that they aren't blocked by furniture and carpeting, as well as removing dust and other debris which may be stuck in the grille (a vacuum cleaner works extremely well for this purpose). If you are still suffering from poor air flow out of your vents, you may want to contact an air conditioning services professional to clean out your duct work to remove any dust or other blockages that may have developed further in the system.

Attic Insulation

If you live on a multistory home, and notice that the top floor seems to suffer from more drafts and uneven heating and cooling than the other floors and rooms in your home, the problem could lie just above your head. Poor insulation in your attic can allow heat to transfer between the exterior of your home and the air in your attic, causing drafts to manifest themselves. You can fix this by having a professional roofer or contractor inspect your attic to locate the areas where heat is seeping in and out, and then have insulation applied to prevent such a transfer from happening in the future.

Change the Thermostat

Though altering the settings of your furnace or air conditioner will come with higher energy bills, it can also be a way to improve your comfort levels in the short term. Further, for those who are sensitive to their energy bills, it may make sense to simply switch the fan setting from "automatic" to "on." This will prevent better circulation of air throughout your home at a fraction of the electricity cost of actually heating or cooling your house to a more significant degree.